Install Qgis Mac Python

Anaconda will download and the installer prompt will be. x version, check out this guide. Nonwithstanding, Python plays an important role in its ecosystem: Most of the pre-installed plugins and even data provider modules are written in Python, and virtually all functions of the interface and the libraries are exported to a Python API (Advanced Programming Interface). Installing Python Modules¶ Email. Plugin Builder plugin - In QGIS go to Plugins > Manage and Install Plugins. For X Mt Lion and newer. Open Python IDLE and enter import cv2. OSGeo4W is a binary distribution of a broad set of open source geospatial software for Windows environments (Windows 10 down to XP). x t o have the build running, b ut that's a rare case so far ). The procedure is a little different. By default this will install to c:\Program Files\qgis (this can be changed by changing the CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX variable in cmake-gui). In this feature, we're going to look at setting up Python in macOS, then learning to. R programs and packages can:. Generally, this application ships with the standard IDLE development environment, the Launcher that handles Python scripts, and the Build Applet tool that help. GRASS GIS has been integrated into SEXTANTE as extension. Now you can install mitmproxy via pip3:. Below are instructions on how to build a python plugin for QGIS in order to extent functionality. I've found two ways to install the GDAL Python bindings on Mac. For Unix-like operating systems Python is normally provided as a collection of packages, so it may be necessary to use the packaging tools provided with the operating system to obtain some or all of the. (Linux) The built-in Python 3 installation works well, but to install other Python packages you must install pip with get-pip. Standard installer packages are available for MS Windows and Mac OS X. Build process. Installing GDAL/OGR for Python on Windows is now even easier! If you are doing Python development, you may be interested in my Windows Dev Stack, which describes my development environment from high level technologies down to specific apps, and how they all work together. Open QGIS by double clicking on the “QGIS Desktop” icon or from your “Applications” folder. 6 and not have python 3. These functions can be used within the expression engine and function editor. /configure --enable-optimizations sudo make altinstall make altinstall is used to prevent replacing the default python binary file /usr/bin. The pages in this section give additional details about each binary package available as well as more direct download links. S elect QGIS/Preferences and the tab Locale (the actual terms will depend on your locale language) 5. The easiest way to install the Python is to use package manger such as apt-get, yum, and so on. Installing MySQLdb. 6 or greater; The pip package management tool A Google account Step 1: Turn on the Google Sheets API. GDAL/OGR in Python. yml file):. txt; INSTALL; PROVENANCE; README. See also the QGIS Workshop. Download the last version from here : Download Free QGIS 3. QGIS PostgreSQL Python Modules GRASS GIS pH p MapServer Download Archive FAQ Installation Guide Developer Notes Search "The beast is actively interested only in now and, as it is always now and a accomplishment of objects. The pyQGIS cookbook contains a section on developing plugins and is an ongoing effort to collect tips and tricks about QGIS python programming generaly. Adding an Environment Variable Add Python to Path under Environment Variables in Windows. 6 - during install and later when I run it? What I want to accomplish is run QGIS on python 3. Install QGIS on a Mac. 3, “Installing a MySQL Launch Daemon”, and Section 2. 1 (pan, zoom, draw, line colors) (releases with pets on splash screen) January 2009 – Quantum GIS 1. There is also a new a toolbar icon in the plugins toolbar and a shortcut ( Ctrl-Alt-P) for quick access to the python console. On Mavericks (10. I guess you could say it was only a pip dream, sigh. Then go to "Plugins/Fetch Python Plugins", enable third party repositories, and you will be able to install a "Google Layers" plugin. 11) and newer. If you already have Python 2. If you are using Python 3, congratulations — you are indeed a person of excellent taste. If you are using QGIS3 you must specify during the PySAL installation the Python version (Python 3 in this case). So, just enter py3_env to switch to python 3 shell, then install your third-party modules there. These may be available elsewhere, but usually they are built for the python. In this feature, we're going to look at setting up Python in macOS, then learning to. py install If you have more than one Python interpreter installed locally, you should use the same one you plan to use python-ldap with. Installing and using Python's virtualenv using Python 3 Virtualenv is a tool used to create an isolated Python environment. Installation tool recommendations¶ Use pip to install Python packages from PyPI. It features a unique combination of the advanced editing, analysis, debugging and profiling functionality of a comprehensive development tool with the data exploration,. Either way, you have come to the right place, and chosen the right language! "print()" is a built-in Python function that will output some text to the console. The QGIS system itself is written in C++ and has its own set of APIs that are also written in C++. Working with Python in Visual Studio Code, using the Microsoft Python extension, is simple, fun, and productive. Installation of QGIS is very simple. If you already have Python installed, then you can proceed to the next section of this Python tutorial. Installing python3, numpy,scipy,matplotlib and scikit-learn into Mac 10. A security warning will pop up, but you can continue the installation safely (for more information, see the 'Install Note' at the top of this page). 3-2, but not 1. Installing QGIS 1. Qgis-serverInstalling the QGIS Lizmap Plugin & Lizmap Web Client This post follows on from my previous three (most recent first in list) linked below. These packages can now co-exist! Keeping old releases. PyCharm is designed by programmers, for programmers, to provide all the tools you need for productive Python development. Recent Packages Popular Packages Python 3 Authors Imports Notice! PyPM is being replaced with the ActiveState Platform, which enhances PyPM’s build and deploy capabilities. x pre installed. 33, QGIS Server LTR 2. Open Terminal and run the following command:. II Reunión Nacional de Usuarios QGIS México 2019, 21-23 Noviembre 2019 Guadalajara (México) Asiste, Comparte, aprende y convive con la comunidad QGIS México en las distintas actividades como: Ponencias Magistrales, Conferencias, mesas de trabajo, Talleres y carteles/ mapas. Also, pyenv has a handy plugin to help you manage virtual environments for your Python projects, which we will discuss later in this guide. Manual download and install¶ Alternatively, you can simply download the package archive from the Python Package Index (PyPI) and unpack it. Pure Python. Simple and clean pip GUI. It is widely considered to be a very easy programming language to learn and master because of its focus on readability. With Python installed, open a command prompt (Accessories > Command Prompt, or type cmd into the run dialog). For those who are learning Python with the Programming Historian, you will be glad to know that both QGIS and ArcGIS use Python as their main scripting language. Rate this post. 4 button that appears first on the page (or whatever is the latest version). We can add more features and functionality to QGIS by installing some Python plugins. How to install PIP on Mac. Note: We already provide well-tested, pre-built TensorFlow packages for Linux and macOS systems. No files for this release. Everyone interacting in the pip project's codebases, issue trackers, chat rooms, and mailing lists is expected to follow the PyPA Code of Conduct. It is available on Linux, Mac, and Windows. Element [1] in a is the name of each package. Qgis-serverInstalling the QGIS Lizmap Plugin & Lizmap Web Client This post follows on from my previous three (most recent first in list) linked below. 5+ installed. 04 LTS and we will also be installing the QGIS desktop application. Installing and using Python's virtualenv using Python 3 Virtualenv is a tool used to create an isolated Python environment. Now run the following commands to compile Python 2. To install the clients on a Linux, Mac OS X, or Microsoft Windows system, use pip. so, lets install and get. ActiveTcl is now offered through the ActiveState Platform. Many scientific Python distributions, such as Anaconda , Enthought Canopy , and Sage , bundle Cython and no setup is needed. 0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 5 not upgraded. Launch osgeo4w-setup. Quit QGIS (do not save the project) and start it again. Whether you use a Mac, Windows, or Linux OS (operating system), you can find and install Python on your computer. Open QGIS by double clicking on the "QGIS Desktop" icon or from your "Applications" folder. However, I do not understand msysgit or cygwin, or how they relate to cmder. Make sure Wheel is installed… pip install wheel …and when you'd normally run python setup. ArcGIS Pro 11 Share a web map in ArcGIS Pro. 3+ (but note that at pyglet 1. If you have made any changes to your project's reference database, such as your own usersoil table, it may be easier to update your database. Select TUFLOW, and "Install Plugin". pip install numpy. In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Python Pip on Ubuntu 18. Greg Ward's Installing Python Modules document has more information on other ways of modifying the search path. As a popular open source development project, Python has an active supporting community of contributors and users that also make their software available for other Python developers to use under open source license terms. 7+ and 3 ; if you have trouble installing MoviePy or one of its dependencies, please provide feedback !. Spyder is a powerful scientific environment written in Python, for Python,and designed by and for scientists, engineers and data analysts. Pipenv is the official packaging tool for managing environments and installing packages from the Python Package Index (PyPI). Homebrew comes with a very simple install script. If you expand the Python Environments window wide enough, these options are shown as tabs, which you may find more convenient to work with. Click the Next button. 3, “Installing a MySQL Launch Daemon”, and Section 2. IPython will be installed along with the Anaconda python distribution. Download and run the installer, select "Install for all users," and then click "Next. x python console is using by default. @rlam3 - you can install python3 independently from python on a Mac or PC. SciPy (pronounced “Sigh Pie”) is a Python-based ecosystem of open-source software for mathematics, science, and engineering. QGIS is unique among the major desktop GIS software applications in that it can run on Windows, Mac, and Linux computers. How to install Django on Windows¶ This document will guide you through installing Python 3. Spyder is a powerful scientific environment written in Python, for Python,and designed by and for scientists, engineers and data analysts. In this article, we are going to show how to install the latest python on Ubuntu 18. While the instructions might work for other systems, it is only tested and supported for Ubuntu and macOS. Install the AWS CLI Using the Bundled Installer. Installing GDAL/OGR for Python on Windows is now even easier! If you are doing Python development, you may be interested in my Windows Dev Stack, which describes my development environment from high level technologies down to specific apps, and how they all work together. Learning QGIS Third Edition is a practical, hands-on guide updated for QGIS 2. In July 2002 Gary Sherman in Alaska starting writing open source QGIS 0. prefixPath(). In today’s tutorial, I’ll demonstrate how you can configure your macOS system for deep learning using Python, TensorFlow, and Keras. Install R and RStudio on Mac OS X Installing R on OS X can be problematic. Open "0 READ ME BEFORE INSTALLING. Then check updates and install Python 3. Download and run the installer, select “Install for all users,” and then click “Next. 6 in anaconda, the installer cannot find it. Install the Current version to. To check if you already have Python installed, open the Command Prompt (⊞Win-r and type cmd). First, you must make sure that PyQGIS is installed for your platform, and then set up some required system environment variables. Installing QGIS on the Mac. To install the GRASS plugin (recommended), install the optional package by running this command: sudo apt-get install qgis-plugin-grass. 10 in requirements. x on your machine and also use pip for package management with python 3. The easiest way to install the library is from PyPi using pip, a package manager for. The following steps get you started with installing a new version of Python on your Mac OS X system. txt; CODING; COPYING; ChangeLog; Doxyfile; Exception_to_GPL_for_Qt. QGIS Mac users have eagerly tested and reported various issues and the majority of them were resolved in early 2019. Quantum GIS (QGIS) is a rich features GIS Application that runs on Linux (and other systems). Only the last build version for each point version is listed (ie 1. QGIS is an open source GIS software package that can be freely downloaded. Here are two recipes for installing 3rd party python apps which aren't part of the osgeo4w ecosystem. QGIS SentinelHub plugin from Sinergise is a fantastic tool which allows us to connect to Sentinel data server, visualize, analyze and even download satellite images, all of these using only our Desktop QGIS graphic interface. Download ta-lib-0. To install Python 3 on Linux. 7 and install on your system using altinstall. Installing GDAL/OGR for Python on Windows is now even easier! If you are doing Python development, you may be interested in my Windows Dev Stack, which describes my development environment from high level technologies down to specific apps, and how they all work together. distutils-sig @ python. (sudo) python setup. Ruby Python JavaScript Front-End Tools Installing Nginx in Mac OS X Maverick With Homebrew. How to Compile Python from source with OpenSSL Support. Whether it's for a great gaming experience or you just want to try out Windows 10 on Apple's svelte hardware, here's how to get it all set up. org, it does NOT use any other Python distribution. But actually, that version of Python is a bit outdated, keeping in mind the serious Python development. There are several ways to install Git on a Mac. Step 1: Install Miniconda¶. The packages by Lutra bundle the various libraries and resources on which QGIS depends into a single QGIS. For those who are learning Python with the Programming Historian, you will be glad to know that both QGIS and ArcGIS use Python as their main scripting language. When it comes to installing PIP on Mac then many modern Macs comes preloaded with Python and PIP. QGIS PostgreSQL Python Modules GRASS GIS pH p MapServer Download Archive FAQ Installation Guide Developer Notes Search "The beast is actively interested only in now and, as it is always now and a accomplishment of objects. The easiest way to install the library is from PyPi using pip, a package manager for. QGIS macOS Installer Version 3. $ python --version. @rlam3 - you can install python3 independently from python on a Mac or PC. 16 on your Ubuntu, Debian and LinuxMint operating systems. Install OpenSSL and its development packages as below: $ yum install openssl $ yum install openssl-devel (or) Install OpenSSL from source:. Installing Homebrew. prefixPath(). Tip #2: This also applies for any files you import with LAStools or export during processing in QGIS. Everyone interacting in the pip project's codebases, issue trackers, chat rooms, and mailing lists is expected to follow the PyPA Code of Conduct. 3) Python-based scientific environment:. To install Python 3 on Linux. Type the following on the Windows, Mac or Linux command line:. x is required. 7 new install. 0? I'm new to Python and wondering how to install packages to Python? Just looking for a program to play around with. Everyone interacting in the pip project’s codebases, issue trackers, chat rooms, and mailing lists is expected to follow the PyPA Code of Conduct. With the appropriate repository added, you can proceed with the QGIS installation by running the following commands: sudo apt-get update. If your computer doesn't already have Python installed, or if you want to install a different version of Python, follow the procedure in Install the AWS CLI on Linux. This guide, provided by ErgoEmacs, provides everything you need to get up and running with a basic Emacs installation on Linux, Mac, or Windows. ArcGIS Pro 11 Share a web map in ArcGIS Pro. If you have a pure Python package that is not using 2to3 for Python 3 support, you've got it easy. But the myriad, after all, was only the chronicle to the mine. There are also python bindings so that you can add GeoServer layers to QGIS from your plugins. Python console; This package will install the "Latest Release" version of QGIS with the richest feature set. Install multiple versions of Python, all in isolation from each other; and Switch between Python versions without any fuss. Both pip and easy_install will take care of satisfying those dependencies for you, but if you use this last method you will need to install those yourself. command file, and follow the on-screen instructions. Working with the Python API benefits from a development environment that includes: A Python installation. Installing Cython¶. This guide will show you how to install QGIS 2. GDAL/OGR in Python. This post is for those readers who want to install OpenCV on Windows for writing Python code only. HowTo: Install Python On Linux. 9 or Python 3 >=3. No files for this release. OSGeo4W is a binary distribution of a broad set of open source geospatial software for Windows environments (Windows 10 down to XP). py2app - Create standalone Mac OS X applications with Python¶ py2app is a Python setuptools command which will allow you to make standalone application bundles and plugins from Python scripts. So, just enter py3_env to switch to python 3 shell, then install your third-party modules there. After the build completed you should install QGIS using the INSTALL target. Build process. 0, the gcloud CLI has experimental support for running using a Python 3. 0/, enter password and you're done. 7 (Lion) Here's how I installed PyGame 1. The project is structured like a normal Python package with a standard setup. Click on the Plugins menu at the top of the main QGIS window. (Don't get me wrong - I. If you download the latest LTR of QGIS for the Mac (version 3. QGIS is a GIS program to "Create, edit, visualise, analyse and publish geospatial information on Windows, Mac, Linux, BSD (Android coming soon)". And if you’re new to this, I’ve already listed some of the common ADB commands above. The TimeManager plugin was originally developed by Anita Graser and over the past year I, carolinux , have contributed a lot with refactoring, maintaining and developing new features. I've stumbled through it a couple of times now. 0 (Apple Git-66). Unix Port Download Archive. Chart Studio Support¶ The chart-studio package can be used to upload plotly figures to Plotly's Chart Studio Cloud or On-Prem services. 7, which everyone has been there and done that, whereas the Windows install was python 3. 0install 1. 다음과 같이 "Add Python 3. 6 and not have python 3. 11) and newer. This method will not work anymore, (unless you are very lucky), so please do use the new Python SDK. From the easy_install page: Easy Install is a python module (easy_install) bundled with setuptools that lets you automatically download, build, install, and manage Python packages. Installation Instructions. Setting up a Python development environment This tutorial shows how to prepare your local machine for Python development, including developing Python apps that run on Google Cloud Platform (GCP). x and a more up-to-date Python 2. When it comes to installing PIP on Mac then many modern Macs comes preloaded with Python and PIP. In the QGIS "Plugins" dialog search for CSV or "Editable GeoCSV", then click "Install" on the plugin description to install it. This package can be. This is the Python that is used when calling python expressions on the QGIS Python Console. If you have custom Stan compiler settings, install from source rather than the CRAN binary. 04 LTS, as of January 2019. You can also make use of QGIS finer grained querying power, using the EXPRESSION tool user interface, or by running your own custom Python scripts with the same operators and functions. Python itself must be installed first, and then there are many packages to install, and it can be confusing for beginners. Upgrading to latest is as simple as this: sudo pip install --upgrade bzt. For Unix, you must download, build and install both Tcl and Tk from the source. To the Python devs out there - what's the best way of installing Python 3. In particular, these are some of the core packages:. The pyQGIS cookbook contains a section on developing plugins and is an ongoing effort to collect tips and tricks about QGIS python programming generaly. If you already have Python installed, then you can proceed to the next section of this Python tutorial. It uses advanced type inference techniques which allow it to provide things such as code completion and code analysis, besides providing a debugger, interactive console, refactoring, tokens browser, django integration, etc. Complete the steps described in the rest of this page to create a simple Python command-line application that makes requests to the Google Sheets API. Install the Library. The installation process is basically identical for Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Vista and even Windows XP. If your computer doesn't already have Python installed, or if you want to install a different version of Python, follow the procedure in Install the AWS CLI on Linux. x version of the Twilio Python Helper Library from the 5. /configure --enable-optimizations sudo make altinstall make altinstall is used to prevent replacing the default python binary file /usr/bin. 5 latest stable version is available to download and install. Nearly all CircuitPython boards ship with a bootloader called UF2 (USB Flasher version 2) that makes installing and updating CircuitPython a quick and easy process. The name "SEXTANTE" was changed to "Processing" in QGIS 2. pth or PYTHONPATH in python 2. Unfortunately, installing Pygame is not as easy as using it is. 6 and not have python 3. apt-get install qgis python-qgis qgis-plugin-grass: 1 file 0 forks 0 comments 0 stars timlinux / Node editor. It should work on Windows/Mac/Linux, with Python 2. Python Developer’s Guide¶. To install pip and wheel for the system Python, there are two options: Enable the EPEL repository using these instructions. To install Anaconda, you will use the 64-bit graphical installer for PyTorch 3. 3+, and correctly bundles the major Python packages such as numpy, PyQt, Django, wxPython, and others. Setting up a Python development environment This tutorial shows how to prepare your local machine for Python development, including developing Python apps that run on Google Cloud Platform (GCP). External Python Packages. PyInstaller builds apps that are compatible with the Mac OS X release in which you run it, and following releases. If you are interested in running your own GeoNode with QGIS Server backend please see this site for details on how you can do that using docker and rancher. Why is that of any relevance? Conda provides a similar way to build, package and install QGIS (or any other software) in Linux, Windows, and Mac. With Linux, virtualenv is usually in a separate package from the main Python package. Download PyScripter for free. After you have successfully installed QGIS 3, go to Install GIS4WRF. Powered by Redmine © 2006-2014 Jean-Philippe Lang Redmine © 2006-2014 Jean-Philippe Lang. Chances are, if you're viewing this page, you're brand new to Python. As an existing or experienced Python user, you may wish to install Jupyter using Python’s package manager, pip, instead of Anaconda. 7 and Python 3. Python runs on many operating systems such as MS-Windows, Mac OS, Mac OS X, Linux, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, Solaris, AIX, and many varieties of free UNIX like systems. Below you find instructions to install per distribution. The installation is separated into a couple installer packages, and components shared with other software or that are useful by themselves are installed outside the QGIS application. Using Plugins¶ Plugins in QGIS add useful features to the software. This workshop we start with an overview of QGIS, then it moves on to introduce Python programming in QGIS (PyQGIS). This Python version is available to download and install. As a user, it’s the installation part that I enjoy the most. If you are using Python 3, congratulations — you are indeed a person of excellent taste. … If you're using Windows, please skip to the next video, … as I'll walk you through how to get set up. There are several ways to install Git on a Mac. (sudo) python setup. Element [1] in a is the name of each package. There are also python bindings so that you can add GeoServer layers to QGIS from your plugins. Open QGIS by double clicking on the “QGIS Desktop” icon or from your “Applications” folder. There is also a new a toolbar icon in the plugins toolbar and a shortcut ( Ctrl-Alt-P) for quick access to the python console. 13 (High Sierra), which has Python 2. "How to Upgrade Your Mac to Python 3 [2017 Update]. One of the best user friendly options out there for Mac users who want to run GIS software natively is QGIS. If your distribution didn't come with Python, or came with an earlier version, install Python before installing pip and the AWS CLI. How do you install PIL to Python 3. The QGIS shortcut icon is wearing the designated hat for July. Install QGIS and get familiar with the user interface; Load vector and raster data from files, databases, and web services; Create, visualize, and edit spatial data; Perform geoprocessing tasks and automate them; Create advanced cartographic outputs; Design great print maps; Expand your skills using Python; About. It is superior to easy_install in several ways, and is actively maintained. Installing third-party modules in Windows is usually quite straight-forward, either download an installer (which will find the Python environment from the registry) or use easy_install from the Python setuptools. What can be done with it? rPython is intended for running Python code from R. cd Python-2. Even though it's written in Python, the module is up to 40% faster than Scientific. In the QGIS "Plugins" dialog search for CSV or "Editable GeoCSV", then click "Install" on the plugin description to install it. As an existing or experienced Python user, you may wish to install Jupyter using Python's package manager, pip, instead of Anaconda. QGIS 3 gives the option to run Python scripts directly in the browser. Mu is a simple code editor that works with the Adafruit CircuitPython boards. Use the next set of commands to install NumPy, SciPy and Matplotlib: 1 python -m pip install numpy 2 python -m pip install scipy 3 python -m pip install matplotlib. After MacPorts and a working Python environment are installed, you can install and select GCC 7 as follows:. The pyQGIS cookbook contains a section on developing plugins and is an ongoing effort to collect tips and tricks about QGIS python programming generaly. Installing Cython¶. If your computer doesn't already have Python installed, or if you want to install a different version of Python, follow the procedure in Install the AWS CLI on Linux. Japanese French Polish Deutsch. Download ActiveTcl and get notified of updates; Share your Tcl runtime environment with your team. This package allows the user to call Python from R. This is a useful companion tool to QGIS and helpful in managing GIS datasets. First, you can install the GDAL Framework via QGIS (or get it directly), and then do. For Unix, you must download, build and install both Tcl and Tk from the source. Unzip eclipse-committers-oxygen-R-win32. Installing PuLP at Home¶ PuLP is a free open source software written in Python. How to Install QGIS Here are the instructions for installing QGIS on a PC and a Mac. @rlam3 - you can install python3 independently from python on a Mac or PC. HowTo: Install Python On Linux. Homebrew comes with a very simple install script. Unlike many introductions to Python, this one does not start with an installation and setup guide. You can now start QGIS by hitting Start –> All Programs –> QGIS Dufour –> QGIS Desktop 2. Frequently, we need more sophisticated way how to visualize satellite imagery data and overlay it with other data format in a GIS Desktop software like ArcGIS or QGIS. QGIS has a small install footprint on the host file system compared to commercial GISs and generally requires less RAM and processing power; hence it can be used on older hardware or running simultaneously with other applications where CPU power may be limited. 4 (32 bit) - or - QGIS 3. 7 pre-installed. Open each package in the disk image in order, starting with "1 Install Python 3. That distribution includes GDAL not as a Python package, but as a Framework. easy_install and pip are package managers for Python. We need to run Python3 and also need to setting up the environment, so by writing a batch file, we can save our time and it is reproducible. Since we are developing the plugin in Python, we need to install the python bindings for Qt. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: