Python Pillow Webcam

py) which should be used solely. There is a port of OpenFace to Keras, called Keras OpenFace, but at the time of writing, the models appear to require Python 2, which is quite limiting. All the tutorials consist of OpenCV C++ example programs in order to make you understand and try it on your computer easily. If you love Gitter, Tweet us @gitchat and we'll update these quotes every month. Review the other comments and questions, since your questions. In his career, he has worked remotely for getTalent, a San Jose-based company and at IDS as a full-stack web developer. It takes lots of memory and more time for matching. 1; win-64 v4. py (you find it at src/create_csv. Python program fails to. What's more, unless you are sharing your pillow with someone else, there is no way for you to catch a STD from it. The methods described below allow easy access to the image's pixels and alpha channel and simplify the process of compositing. I want to capture a single image from my webcam and save it to disk. This also examines some of the simple effects from the pygame example, arraydemo. 3 is no longer supported by Numpy so support for it has been dropped in opencv-python, too. Unable to import Pytables in iPython/Spyder in Anaconda 2. Know Your Meme | Our confirmed section features over 1,000 entries on a wide range of Internet-related topics carefully researched and verified by the research staff. Here's a very basic method for implementing motion detection using a Raspberry Pi and camera. So, the shape of the returned np. When we're shown an image, our brain instantly recognizes the objects contained in it. Overview Pillow Pillow is a fork of PIL, the Python Imaging Library. Especially if you don't have any knowledge about it. pillow – fork of PIL – Python Imaging Library. Microsoft Edge, now available on iOS and Android, gives you one continuous browsing experience from your mobile device to your Windows 10 PC. If you pass True for the flipped argument, the string buffer will be vertically flipped. Each Bella Suite is approximately 700 square feet with a bed chamber and two plush queen-size pillow-top beds. cam_wrapper is a python module for grabbing frame of webcam under linux in order to be displayed or recorded as you prefer. Often there would be a need to read images and display them if required. OpenCV Python – Read and Display Image In Computer Vision applications, images are an integral part of the development process. VideoCapture is a Python extension for Win32 which makes it possible to access video-capture devices (e. copy — Shallow and deep copy operations¶. ca offers the best prices on computer parts, laptop computers, digital cameras, electronics and more with fast shipping and top-rated customer service. It’s a Python package for image processing. The application tries to find faces in the webcam image and match them against images in an id folder using deep neural networks. The UI is written in QT and C++, using python scripts for the gpio flow interrupts (the c++ interrupts seemed unreliable,but python’s implementation worked perfectly) and the C loldht script found on these forums to read the temp from the temp/humidity sensor. Really don't have passions anymore. Bonsoir, je viens de commander mon iPhone, et lorsque j'essaye de me connecter sur mon compte, cela me demande d'envoyé une copie de mon relevé. Python strongly encourages community involvement in improving the software. Snow Telemetry (SNOTEL) and Snow Course Data and Products Use the interactive map for data retrieval. imwriteを使う。NumPy配列ndarrayとして読み込まれる。なお、OpenCVではなく画像処理ライブラリPillowを使って画像ファイルをndarrayとして読み込むこともできる。. PIL is the Python Imaging Library by Fredrik Lundh and Contributors. Looking through memorabilia—whether antique toys, trading cards, or militaria –can bring out the treasure hunter in us all. Sign in and start exploring all the free, organizational tools for your email. - remove sheets and pillow cases, In addition to the previous methods, you can try a webcam. Ongoing free python training organized by @lautechdatasci team. 1; win-32 v3. pillow – fork of PIL – Python Imaging Library. To install PIL on a Debian-based system, run the following command in your terminal as root: aptitude install python-imaging. Pip install pillow Once installed you will get a success message as shown below Install face_recognition: The face_recognition library for python is considered to be simplest library to recognize and manipulate faces. ndimage, and matplotlib in Python 3 with Raspberry Pi 3 as the hardware platform. Turtles are diapsids of the order Testudines (or Chelonii) characterized by a special bony or cartilaginous shell developed from their ribs and acting as a shield. PIL is the Python Imaging Library. 2 (zip - 80. 1 works with Python 2. We pride ourselves on high-quality, peer-reviewed code, written by an active community of volunteers. Overview Pillow Pillow is a fork of PIL, the Python Imaging Library. Good habit to create a new python environment. Python Imaging Library (PIL and pillow) If new dependencies have been installed, then pillow might be able to support more file formats:. Read more about how Google's Featured Snippets work. Canny() which takes our input image as first argument and its. Open source software is made better when users can easily contribute code and documentation to fix bugs and add features. Learn more about how to make Python better for everyone. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for. how to capture image from webcam on click using OpenCV. With a webcam. Fast, reliable delivery to your door. Python was created out of the slime and mud left after the great flood. The split method creates a set of new images, each containing one band from the original multi-band image. You must understand what the code does, not only to run it properly but also to troubleshoot it. Learn strategies and techniques for live streaming video content on the internet. The goals of the chapter are to introduce SimPy, and to hint at the experiment design and analysis issues that will be covered in later chapters. Introduction to Single Board Computers and Raspberry Pi 2. Second argument imgToDenoiseIndex specifies which frame we need to denoise, for that we pass the index of frame in our input list. Discover more every day. Visit the #1 online store for premium-quality microscopes and microscope parts. Learn how to interface Raspberry Pi with various image sensors. Shop Our Skincare, Body Care, And Hand Care Products & Treatments For A Sensorial And Emotional Experience. Inside this tutorial, I detailed what Tkinter is, how to install it, and how to write a simple Tkinter GUI application that can display images loaded via OpenCV. A multi-jurisdictional task force executed the search warrant at Patrick Frazee's property in Florissant over the weekend, which is about 15 miles west of Woodland Park where Berreth was last spotted. In this post you will discover how to use data preparation and data augmentation with your image datasets when developing. 1) Anaconda, version 2. I want something that will work on both 64-bit Win7 and 32-bit Linux. Auto detect language and translate. I have tried to use Cisco Spark with Chromium and could not access my webcam (even after installing this chromium-freeworld stuff). 01 à 05) Animaux vivants et produits du règne animal: Section II (Chap. With Pillow, you can programmatically edit image files in Python. This wasn't a site where you would go for. You can vote up the examples you like or vote down the ones you don't like. How can I opt out of featured snippets?. It takes lots of memory and more time for matching. Please note Articles about things considered unusual may be accepted in Wikipedia if they otherwise fulfill the criteria for inclusion. The webcam output is take by VideoCapture function. Find the most current and reliable 7 day weather forecasts, storm alerts, reports and information for Sudbury, ON, CA with The Weather Network. 6, activate the environment and install necessary packages through conda or pip. If your library has a method like this, use it! If not, piece together the methods it does have, and remember that Google knows a lot about topics like "python pillow 2-d pixel array". I've been excited about the Raspberry Pi Camera Module since it was announced last year, so I went and ordered one from Element14 as soon as it came on sale. With Pillow, you can programmatically edit image files in Python. Overview Pillow Pillow is a fork of PIL, the Python Imaging Library. Bug Carousel and Nature Trek are open until park closing. Enable your Windows application or Web Service to read barcodes from any image file, database, mobile phone camera, scanner or fax. PIL is the Python Imaging Library. Real news, curated by real humans. 7, and PILLOW. This tutorial aims to be a basic introduction to image processing with the Raspberry Pi and Python. Create and work together on Word, Excel or PowerPoint documents. Real news, curated by real humans. Find your yodel. Barrel distortion is where straight lines bend outward from the center of the image. This module has been exported from the Custom Vision website and slightly modified to run on a ARM architecture. >>> Python Software Foundation. We've developed a suite of premium Outlook features for people with advanced email and calendar needs. Capture webcam with Python (OpenCV): step by step - Duration: 8:10. Mouse inputs. This page is not an article, and the only criterion for inclusion is consensus that an article fits on this page. 3D Augmented Reality. Version Operating System Description MD5 Sum. com is simple. Learn how Philips helps improve people’s lives through meaningful innovations – from healthy living and prevention, to diagnosis, treatment and home care. Who This Book Is For. In this tutorial we will check how to read an image and convert it to gray scale, using OpenCV and Python. Automatic Memes in Python with Face Detection. Enjoy entertainment your way with great deals on XFINITY by Comcast. You can read set of images from a folder using this function: [code]from PIL import Image def load_images_from_folder(folder): images = [] for filename in os. With Pillow, you can programmatically edit image files in Python. 7 support will be dropped in the end of 2019. ndimage, and matplotlib in Python 3 with Raspberry Pi 3 as the hardware platform. Python strongly encourages community involvement in improving the software. One character tries to slit the woman's neck, she moves the knife slowly on the neck and a little blood comes out. The objective of the program given is to perform edge detection of images in real-time. Calculate 2 channel histogram and 2 histogram compare. >>> Python Needs You. On the other hand, it takes a lot of time and training data for a machine to identify these objects. ca offers the best prices on computer parts, laptop computers, digital cameras, electronics and more with fast shipping and top-rated customer service. In today’s post, we’ll build out a method to track and distort our face in real time, just like these apps do. View dozens of free online comic strips on azcentral. Learn how to import and export step by step: UPS helps you create a commercial invoice and complete international forms and documents for customs. avi This works well However Using pyinstaller the exe works but the resulting. I do not take credit of the dll, only the ported python code. Xpra version 1. The following are code examples for showing how to use imutils. Many, many thanks to Davis King () for creating dlib and for providing the trained facial feature detection and face encoding models used in this library. In this tutorial, we will learn how to create a High Dynamic Range (HDR) image using multiple images taken with different exposure settings. Access them from any PC, Mac or phone. Time Lapse Batch Image Manipulation Using Python: I recently found a cool Time Lapse app for my phone, but the files needed to be rotated and touched up a bit to make them into a movie. I have a few ideas for cool things to build with this camera and I will be blogging about them as I get to develop them. So we take a pixel, take small window around it, search for similar windows in the image, average all the windows and replace the pixel with the result we got. 1; osx-64 v4. Extra parameters to the function can be specified through map_args. Pillow for enterprise is available via the Tidelift Subscription. This API can be used to detect, with bounding boxes, objects in images and/or video using either some of the pre-trained models made available or through models you can train on your own (which the API also. If your library has a method like this, use it! If not, piece together the methods it does have, and remember that Google knows a lot about topics like "python pillow 2-d pixel array". Read more about how Google's Featured Snippets work. In this step-by-step course, you'll master the Python range() function, learn how its implementation differs in Python 3 vs 2, and see how you can use it to write faster and more Pythonic code. He was appointed by Gaia (Mother Earth) to guard the oracle of Delphi, known as Pytho. Located in historic Williamsburg. cv2 resize can upscale, downscale, resize to a desired size while considering aspect ratio. Calculate 2 channel histogram and 2 histogram compare. In this post you will discover how to use data preparation and data augmentation with your image datasets when developing. But with the recent advances in hardware and deep learning, this computer vision field has become a whole lot. Python Imaging Library (PIL) The Python Imaging Library (PIL) adds image processing capabilities to your Python interpreter. The Python Imaging Library uses a Cartesian pixel coordinate system, with (0,0) in the upper left corner. Find communities you're interested in, and become part of an online community!. Hey Susan — all you would need is the "cv2. Now that you have installed the dependencies, you are ready to write your first object detection code. The watch face features John Cleese were his legs represent the hour and minute hands of the clock. 3 is no longer supported by Numpy so support for it has been dropped in opencv-python, too. In today’s post, we’ll build out a method to track and distort our face in real time, just like these apps do. graph_edit_distance this function calculate how much edit graph can be became isomorphic, that is return value of the function. Previously I had recommended using "fim" to display images on the command line but this is no longer available from the Raspbian repository. Ask Question You can use the Pillow python library to take but when I've seen that piece of Python code, I. Covering smartphones, laptops, audio, gaming, fitness and more. SciPy – a Python-based ecosystem of open-source software for mathematics, science, and engineering. 3 can be programmed using Python and the SimPy simulation library[1]. net or [email protected] Raspberry Pi Image Processing Programming: Develop Real-Life Examples with Python, Pillow, and SciPy [Ashwin Pajankar] on Amazon. What You’ll Learn. Often there would be a need to read images and display them if required. ← OpenCV-Python Tutorials. the webcam LED lights onn , and then switches off immediately. Plus, it also allows you to scan and extract information from a QR code by scanning a QR code using a Webcam. Save Cancel Reset to default settings. If you’re ready to finally lose all the weight you want then you’ll love this story I used to follow the diet gurus like a lost sheep… That all ended over a juicy hamburger in 2009 across from a fellow named Brad Pilon. Python strongly encourages community involvement in improving the software. eBay’s collectibles shop is the place to find collectibles for sale in just about any category imaginable, from Hello Kitty and Harry Potter to military surplus supplies. FFmpeg is the leading multimedia framework to decode, encode, transcode, mux, demux, stream, filter and play. start_preview the preview is opened in a preview window which is only viewable if a monitor is connected to the raspberry pi. A sexually frustrated suburban father has a mid-life crisis after becoming infatuated with his daughter's best friend. python3 file. PIL is the Python Imaging Library by Fredrik Lundh and Contributors. By 4:30am I had a working prototype that was doing just what I wanted. x though the end of 2018 and security fixes through 2021. All builds require at least Windows 7 or Mac OS X 10. Also ensure the Python version you have installed on your computer is Python 3. All demos with source codes are available in the code sample pack in the moon3d/gl-210-python-pil-pillow/ folder. The merge function takes a mode and a tuple of images, and combines them into a new image. Let’s see how to process the images using different libraries like OpenCV, Matplotlib, PIL etc. Cartoonizing an image. If you're interested in seeing the face-detection code work via your own webcam, check out this RealPython tutorial. Follow along and create a custom face recognition program which is able to detect and recognize faces in videos or live webcam streams. pip3 install the following dependencies: i. Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. Learn more. These are packages for the python from python. avi This works well However Using pyinstaller the exe works but the resulting. Write your own Digital Image Processing programs with the use of pillow, scipy. 1release-python. Install OpenCV 4 in Python 3. Python Data Analysis Library¶ pandas is an open source, BSD-licensed library providing high-performance, easy-to-use data structures and data analysis tools for the Python programming language. 最新のOpenCVにはDNNモジュールがあり、darknetのネットワークも利用できる。 ただし、YOLOv3(内部で利用しているshortcutレイヤ)を使うためにはOpenCV 3. The project looks mature, although at the time of writing does not. Another prominent project is called FaceNet by David Sandberg that provides FaceNet models built and trained using TensorFlow. Some people may never need certain utilities and so we configure the Omega with packages you will likely use, and let you further tailor your Omega to suit your needs. Your customizable and curated collection of the best in trusted news plus coverage of sports, entertainment, money, weather, travel, health and lifestyle, combined with Outlook/Hotmail, Facebook. This Pretty much acts as a quick intro for the functionality more great things can be done with the. The split method creates a set of new images, each containing one band from the original multi-band image. News, email and search are just the beginning. ndimage and matplotlib •Master use of the Pi camera and webcam Who This Book Is For Raspberry Pi and IoT enthusiasts, digital image processing enthusiasts, Python and Open Source enthusiasts and professionals. The Open Source Computer Vision Library has >2500 algorithms, extensive documentation and sample code for real-time computer vision. Study pillow, the friendly PIL fork. The application tries to find faces in the webcam image and match them against images in an id folder using deep neural networks. Polygon is a gaming website in partnership with Vox Media. Get the best pet supplies online and in store! PetSmart offers quality products and accessories for a healthier, happier pet. You must understand what the code does, not only to run it properly but also to troubleshoot it. Daily Comics. Counting Pixels by Color with Python and Pillow; Pillow, the friendly PIL fork. Just a simple task to get started. In this code snippet one image of each filter option is saved, so you can compare the quality in. Hello and welcome to a miniseries and introduction to the TensorFlow Object Detection API. Capturing an image from a webcam using Python It is amazingly simple to do this. Vase Wooden 11 - Project 62, Brown Review Who is the Vase Wooden 11 - Project 62, Brown for? How does the Vase Wooden 11 - Project 62, Brown work?. com is the website of The Day of New London, Conn. Through this software, you can generate both QR code and Barcodes. Mashable is a global, multi-platform media and entertainment company. Review the other comments and questions, since your questions. pyd) and a high-level module written in Python (VideoCapture. 009 created vehicles for a “candy cosmos. These series of Python Examples explain CRUD Operations, and element wise operations on Python Lists. The following are code examples for showing how to use cv2. Thanks to Cookiecutter and the audreyr/cookiecutter-pypackage project template for making Python project packaging way more tolerable. /src/gst-python: Report a problem on this. All the tests will be done using timeit. The most up-to-date breaking news for the Minnesota Wild including highlights, roster, schedule, scores and archives. Some key dependencies of the package are scipy (for some complex scientific calculations), numpy (for n-dimensional arrays manipulations) and matplotlib (for plotting graphs and displaying images). As an exercise, you can add the capability to save the video in a separate file. You can always opt out later in Settings at PayPal. "Friday afternoon, I'm walking home from school and I'm watching some men build a new house. Extract text with OCR for all image types in python using pytesseract. Read today's top stories news, weather, sport, entertainment, lifestyle, money, cars and more, all expertly curated from across top UK and global news providers. You can vote up the examples you like or vote down the ones you don't like. Ease of use Matlab is a relatively easy language to get to grips with. Unlike other dating websites, this company marketed themselves with a squeaky clean reputation. The project looks mature, although at the time of writing does not. To get started, you will install a number of Python libraries and ImageAI. Make sure to use OpenCV v2. Install dlib and face_recognition on a Raspberry Pi. To capture a video, you need to create a VideoCapture object. Release Date: Dec. This part of source code: np. Directed by Sam Mendes. 5) on my 64-bit windows PC. ndimage and matplotlib. It consists of a low-level native module (vidcap. images to PDF with Python by using Pillow or img2pdf;. They are extracted from open source Python projects. Get this from a library! Raspberry Pi image processing programming : develop real-life examples with Python, Pillow, and SciPy. - remove sheets and pillow cases, In addition to the previous methods, you can try a webcam. Python Dictionary Operations – Python Dictionary is a datatype that stores non-sequential key:value. The code work well when I stitched using only two of your images, but gave the following errors when used more than 2 image. This module has been exported from the Custom Vision website and slightly modified to run on a ARM architecture. Python Setup and Usage how to use Python on different platforms. Extra parameters to the function can be specified through map_args. The UI is written in QT and C++, using python scripts for the gpio flow interrupts (the c++ interrupts seemed unreliable,but python’s implementation worked perfectly) and the C loldht script found on these forums to read the temp from the temp/humidity sensor. OpenCV can be used to render text on an image buffer using the putText function. Discover the Clearest Fishing and Boating Sunglasses on the Planet Created by Costa Del Mar. >>> Python Software Foundation. In this code snippet one image of each filter option is saved, so you can compare the quality in. Every Mac that Apple ships, sans the Mac mini, comes with an iSight camera embedded in the bezel at the top of the display. How to Take Clomid. Buy Vacuum Cleaners from popular brands such as Eureka, Panasonic, Philips and more at best prices from Amazon India. The webcam output is take by VideoCapture function. Beyeler: or, for OpenCV C++, OpenCV By Example by P. Image Processing with Python Desert Py Meetup 26 February 2014 Sarah E. Discover new hair ideas, makeup looks, skin-care advice, the best beauty products and tips, trends, and more from Allure, the first and only dedicated beauty magazine. Cloud computing gives you access to servers, storage, databases, and a broad set of application services over the Internet. other formats are achievable in the same manner. Hello everyone, this is part two of the tutorial face recognition using OpenCV. Purple color codes. 6 and above. The module also provides a number of factory functions, including functions to load images from files, and to create new images. They were an early stage startup, but were starting to see some initial traction. This video shows you how to capture screen using pillow and manipulate capture using opencv. On the other hand, it takes a lot of time and training data for a machine to identify these objects. You can always opt out later in Settings at PayPal. The following are code examples for showing how to use imutils. Learn more. Visit Kijiji Classifieds to buy, sell, or trade almost anything! New and used items, cars, real estate, jobs, services, vacation rentals and more virtually anywhere in Canada. of the input argument to the function cv2. Contents Bookmarks () Accessing the webcam. FirstDetection. Contribute to Python Bug Tracker. 5 and Python 3. Get access to email, news, entertainment, video, sports and more. OpenCV/Pythonで動かす. Simulation Programming with Python This chapter shows how simulations of some of the examples in Chap. Gitter is nothing without the people using it day in and day out. This will require a lot of processing, though. 1) Anaconda, version 2. 7 support will be dropped in the end of 2019. The Minecraft Overviewer is a command-line tool for rendering high-resolution maps of Minecraft worlds. 7) 3) The webcam-eyetracker source code (click on the ‘DOWNLOAD ZIP’ button) Now run the Anaconda installer, and then run the PyGame installer. Learn how to interface Raspberry Pi with various image sensors. One character tries to slit the woman's neck, she moves the knife slowly on the neck and a little blood comes out. Step 2) by Christy Webster (Paperback) for?. PIL is the Python Imaging Library by Fredrik Lundh and Contributors. I’m going to go ahead and assume that you have already read last week’s blog post on using OpenCV with Tkinter. dft() and cv2. Currently, builds for following Python versions are. I have a few ideas for cool things to build with this camera and I will be blogging about them as I get to develop them. Extra parameters to the function can be specified through map_args. Extending to a webcam. imwriteを使う。NumPy配列ndarrayとして読み込まれる。なお、OpenCVではなく画像処理ライブラリPillowを使って画像ファイルをndarrayとして読み込むこともできる。. As mentioned in the first post, it's quite easy to move from detecting faces in images to detecting them in video via a webcam - which is exactly what we will detail in this post. Computer Vision * Image Processing - Digital Image - Histogram. TWiT's technology podcasts with Leo Laporte, cover tech news with discussions on Apple, Google, Windows, Facebook, Linux, Enterprise and all things tech. There maybe times when you want to view a photo from the Raspbian command line. 009 created vehicles for a “candy cosmos. Buy domain names with Namecheap and see why over 2 million customers trust us with over 10 million domains!. If you are using your Pi to capture images using the camera it can be useful to display those images without launching a desktop environment. Today we'll write an automatic meme generator, using any static image with faces as our input. The fundamental interface is called Image. The way I have been doing it up to now is to take a picture with the camera and then open that file using: from PIL import Image Im = Image. ndimage and matplotlib. Make Art with Python is a book designed to get creative people started with programming. Download macOS Catalina for an all‑new entertainment experience. E-Mail from Visit Cardiff E-Mail from Cardiff Castle E-Mail from Cardiff Events E-Mail from 3rd Party Partners. There is a port of OpenFace to Keras, called Keras OpenFace, but at the time of writing, the models appear to require Python 2, which is quite limiting. The application tries to find faces in the webcam image and match them against images in an id folder using deep neural networks. This tutorial is a follow-up to Face Recognition in Python, so make sure you’ve gone through that first post. To install Pillow on Windows machines you can use easy_install: easy_install Pillow. In this tutorial, we go through the. Download the latest Raspbian Jessie Light image. Python) submitted 3 years ago * by poPYtheSailor Have jut installed Anaconda 2. Edge detection is one of the fundamental operations when we perform image processing. Python supports very powerful tools when comes to image processing. TheTechGame (TTG) is the most comprehensive database of game saves, modding tools and Homebrew. How to save image in python? PIl(Pillow) How to save image in python? PIl(Pillow) Skip navigation Sign in. The Python Imaging Library also allows you to work with the individual bands of an multi-band image, such as an RGB image. Pillow for enterprise is available via the Tidelift Subscription. Thanks to everyone who works on all the awesome Python data science libraries like numpy, scipy, scikit-image, pillow, etc, etc that makes this kind of stuff so easy and fun in Python. Python in Visual Studio Code. Unlike other dating websites, this company marketed themselves with a squeaky clean reputation. It takes lots of memory and more time for matching. Learn how to do anything with wikiHow, the world's most popular how-to website. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: